The effects of learning difficulties may impact an individual's performance throughout life: academically, in the workplace, in relationships, and daily life. Intervention and support, supplemented by counseling or other mental health care services, can help an individual with a learning difficulty achieve success
The Learning Disabilities Association of America lists these specific learning difficulties:
A condition that can affect reading fluency and comprehension, writing, spelling, speech, and recall. Dyslexia might occur along with other related conditions and is also known as a language-based learning disability.
An individual with dysgraphia might find it difficult to write legibly, space words consistently, spell, compose, think and write simultaneously, or plan spatially (on paper). Specifically, this condition affects handwriting and other fine motor skills.
This condition may affect one's ability to develop math skills, understand numbers, and learn math-based facts. It can be challenging for individuals with dyscalculia to comprehend math symbols, organize or memorize numbers, tell time, and count.
Language processing disorder
This condition, a type of APD, makes it difficult for individuals to give meaning to sound groups to form words and sentences. It relates to the processing of both expressive and receptive language.
Auditory processing disorder (central auditory processing disorder)
Individuals with this condition may have difficulty recognizing the differences between sounds, understanding the order of sounds, recognizing where sounds have come from or separating sounds from background noise.
Nonverbal learning difficulties
These typically make it difficult for individuals to interpret facial expressions and body language. Visual-spatial, motor, and social skills may all be affected.
Visual perceptual/visual motor deficit:
Those with dysgraphia or a nonverbal learning difficulty might also have a visual perceptual/visual motor deficit, which can impact the way a person understands visual information, the ability to draw and copy, hand/eye coordination, and the ability to follow along in text or on paper.